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4.56 from 27 votes

Authentic Injera (Ethiopian Flatbread)

Experience the unique flavor and texture of this famous fermented Ethiopian bread!
Prep Time10 mins
Cook Time10 mins
Fermentation Time: 4-5 days4 d
Total Time4 d 20 mins
Course: Side Dish
Cuisine: ethiopian
Servings: 6 servings
Calories: 146kcal
Author: Kimberly Killebrew


  • 2 cups teff flour, brown or ivory , or substitute a portion of it with some barley or wheat flour
  • Note: If you're new to making injera I recommend using a combination of teff and barley or wheat as 100% teff is more challenging to work with.
  • 3 cups water
  • Note: This method involves wild yeast fermentation. See blog post for details about using commercial yeast as a starter (you'll use about 1/4 teaspoon dry active yeast)


  • *See blog post for detailed instructions*
  • In a large mixing bowl, combine the flour and water (and yeast if you're using it). Loosely place some plastic wrap on the bowl (it needs some air circulation, you just want to keep any critters out) and let the mixture sit undisturbed at room temperature for 4-5 days (the longer it ferments, the deeper the flavor). (Depending on what kind of flour you're using, you may need to add a little more water if the mixture is becoming dry.)  The mixture will be fizzy, the color will be very dark and, depending on the humidity, a layer of yeast will have formed on the top. This is normal.  Pour off the yeast/mold and as much of the liquid as possible. A clay-like batter will remain. Give it a good stir.
  • In a small saucepan, bring 1 cup of water to a boil. Stir in 1/2 cup of the injera batter, whisking constantly until it is thickened. This will happen pretty quickly. Then stir the cooked/thickened batter back into the original fermented batter. Add some water to the batter to thin it out to the consistency of crepe batter. I added about 2/3 cup water but this will vary from batch to batch. The batter will have a sweet-soured nutty smell.
  • Heat a non-stick skillet over medium heat. Depending on how good your non-stick pan is, you may need to very lightly spray it with some oil. Spread the bottom of the skillet with the injera batter - not as thin as crepes but not as thick as traditional pancakes. Allow the injera to bubble and let the bubbles pop. Once the bubbles have popped, place a lid on top of the pan and turn off the heat. Let the injera steam cook for a couple or so more minutes until cooked through. Be careful not to overcook the injera or they will become gummy and soggy. Remove the injera with a spatula and repeat.
  • IMPORTANT NOTE:  Both the texture and color of the injera will vary greatly depending on what kind of teff you use (dark or ivory) and whether or not you're combining it with other flours.  Gluten-based flours (e.g. wheat and barley) will yield a much different texture than 100% teff.  In the pictures and recipe below I'm using 100% dark teff, something you will not find in restaurants and will look different than what most are accustomed to, but is traditional to Ethiopian home cooking.  Make your injera according to what you prefer.
Serving: 1flatbread | Calories: 146kcal | Carbohydrates: 28g | Protein: 5g | Fat: 1g | Sodium: 12mg | Fiber: 5g | Calcium: 68mg | Iron: 3mg