Panch Phoron (Indian Five Spice Blend)

Panch Phoron paanch phoran

Panch Phoron (also called panch phoran or paanch phoron) literally means “five spices.”  It is a spice blend commonly used in Eastern India and Bangladesh and consists of the following seeds:  Cumin, Brown Mustard, Fenugreek, Nigella and Fennel.  The spices are left whole and, depending on how they’re being used, are either dry roasted or fried in oil in order to coax out their pungent flavors.

Panch Phoron is delicious as a rub for meats, added to Indian stews, sprinkled on vegetables, or used for pickling vegetables.  It is also a delicious addition to any “carb-like” foods such as breads like naan bread.  I wrote about Nigella Seeds a few days ago in my post for Indian Mango Chutney.  It is quite the extraordinary spice and can be purchased online or in Indian specialty stores.  There really are no adequate words to describe its flavor.  It adds a wonderful depth and flavor to any dish it’s added to and really brings Panch Phoron to life.  A quick spice blend to make, give it a try and you’ll be reaching for it any time you have a hankering for authentic Indian food.  I will posting some of my recipes in the near future that call this spice blend.  Stay tuned!

Here is one delicious and easy way to use panch phoron:  Check out Panch Phoron Roasted Potatoes.  Enjoy them as part of an Indian dinner or as a stand-alone snack.

Quick and easy to assemble, you simply measure out and combine the five different spice seeds.  Keep the Panch Phoron spice blend in an airtight jar and it will keep for many months.  Here are the five spices used in this blend, pulled from my well-stocked spice cabinet.  Many health food stores and co-ops sell their spices in bulk and you can simply scoop out the quantity you need.  most will carry all of these spices, with the exception of the nigella seeds which can be purchased online or at an Indian grocery store.

Panch Phoron is usually a mixture of equal amounts of each spice.  I choose to use less fenugreek because of its bitter taste.  Feel free to increase the quantity if you like.

Panch Phoron paanch phoran Indian recipe seasoning spice blend

Try this seasoning blend with this recipe for delicious Panch Phoron Roasted Potatoes!

Panch Phoron (Indian Five Spice Blend)
A robust and delicious Indian "five spice" blend that is delicious as a rub for meats, added to Indian stews, sprinkled on roasted vegetables and potatoes, and sprinkled on or incorporated into breads before baking.
Recipe type: Seasoning Blend
Cuisine: Indian
  1. Combine the seeds in a small bowl. Store in an airtight container.
  2. Depending on what kind of dish you make with these seeds, they can either be fried briefly in oil or dry roasted to coax out their rich flavors.

Indian food lovers, don’t forget to also try this recipe for the BEST Indian Mango Chutney! 

Panch Phoron paanch phoran Indian spice seasoning blend


12 Responses

  1. Anonymous

    wrote on

    well, authentic panch phoron uses methi or fenugreek, saunf or fennel seeds, cumin, nigella seeds and wild celery seeds or randhuni as it is called in bangla and not mustard seeds.

    • The Daring Gourmet

      wrote on

      Well, I’m not sure where you’re getting that information from, but it’s incorrect. Perhaps there are some obscure variations of it, but traditional Panch Phoron, translated as “five spices”, uses brown mustard seeds. You can verify that by easily by doing a quick online search.

      • Anonymous

        wrote on

        The comment above is absolutely correct. In Bengal, people prefer using Randhuni over Sorshe (mustard).

        Because mustard is widely available, the more popular concoction has now uses mustard seeds.

        • Kimberly @ The Daring Gourmet

          wrote on

          I didn’t realize the comment was referring to Bengal because of the typo. In any case, the individual was making a blanket statement that “authentic” panch phoron in general doesn’t use mustard, which is incorrect.

  2. Anonymous

    wrote on

    We use the five spice blend same as The Daring Gourmet. We also grind fine this mixture & sprinkle the powdered version on pork chops & chicken. The full seed blend is great also pressed into pork before roasting, frying, barbeque, yum.

    • The Daring Gourmet

      wrote on

      Thanks for tips! Panch phoron is a wonderful and versatile spice blend.

  3. wrote on

    I have just gone through my spice cupboard and I have all the spices needed to make this…I am making a chicken dish from the Waitrose weekend newspaper tomorrow :-)

    • The Daring Gourmet

      wrote on

      Sounds great, evelyngittoes!

  4. wrote on

    […] son: el Chermoula y el Ras el hanout en Marruecos, el Zhug en Oriente Próximo, el Garam Masala y Panch phoran de la India y el recado rojo de México en donde es combinado con […]

  5. wrote on

    Can I buy the fenugreeks seeds at grocery store.

    • Kimberly @ The Daring Gourmet

      wrote on

      Margaret, you probably won’t find them in regular grocery stores. You can find them in health food stores and online (I’ve included a link for convenience).


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